Logo center
Anti microbial Scaffolds for bone regeneration

Research Units

Biomaterials and Bioengineering Lab

Socio-economic partners

Visor Medical S.L

Sector Biotechnologies, Agri-food, Health

Anti microbial Scaffolds for bone regeneration

Antimicrobial Scaffolds for bone regeneration

Engineering Three-Dimensional-Printed Bioactive Polylactic Acid Alginate Composite Scaffolds with Antibacterial and In Vivo Osteoinductive Capacity

Although fused deposition modeling (FDM) has made it possible to create reproducible three-dimensional poly(lactic acid) (PLA) scaffolds, their efficacy for tissue engineering applications is limited by their lack of osteoinductive properties and antibacterial functions.

Building on the success of the FDM constructs capable of supporting bone regeneration, we report here on the development of PLA scaffolds infused with sodium alginate cross-linked with both calcium and zinc divalent cations. Zn2+ cations were used to confer antibacterial and osteoinductive properties to enhance the performance of nontoxic PLA-alginate. Both the PLA and alginate polymers have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

In vivo bone regeneration capacity was demonstrated on a rabbit model by tomography and histological analysis. The scaffolds exhibited antibacterial activity against Gram-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa, while the control scaffolds could not resist the two microbial species tested. The scaffolds’ physical properties were evaluated by field emission scanning electron microscopy with energy-disperse X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, water absorption, porosity measurements, and compression tests in dry and swollen states at body temperature. Their superior compressive properties, water uptake, and osteoinductive and antibacterial activities thus make them promising candidates for bone tissue regeneration.